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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients

From: Quality of life differences between African Americans and Hispanic Americans with multiple sclerosis

Variable Value
Ageª, years (mean ± SD), range 41.2 ± 11.4 (21–62)
Sex, n (%)
 Female 18 (64.3%)
 Male 10 (35.7%)
Language, n (%)
 English 22 (78.6%)
 Spanish 6 (21.4%)
Race/Ethnicity, n (%)
 White/Non-Hispanic 2 (7.1%)
 White/Hispanic 14 (50.0%)
 African American/Non-Hispanic 10 (35.7%)
 Asian/Non-Hispanic 1 (3.6%)
 Asian/Hispanic 1 (3.6%)
Education level, n (%)
 < High school 7 (25.0%)
 High school diploma or GED 6 (21.4%)
 Associate’s Degree (in progress)b 2 (7.1%)
 Associate’s Degree (completed)b 2 (7.1%)
 Bachelor’s Degree (in progress) 3 (10.7%)
 Bachelor’s Degree (completed) 6 (21.4%)
 Master’s Degree (in progress) 1 (3.6%)
 Master’s Degree (completed) 1 (3.6%)
Marital Status, n (%)
 Single 16 (57.1%)
 Married 8 (28.6%)
 Divorced 4 (14.3%)
Employment Status
 Employed 11 (39.3%)
 Unemployed 11 (39.3%)
 On Disability or Supplemental Security Income 6 (21.4%)
Current or Former Smoker 11 (39.3%)
Current or Former Alcohol Drinker 14 (50.0%)
Current or Former Illicit Drug User 12 (42.9%)
Clinical Form of MS, n (%)
 Relapsing-remitting 26 (92.9%)
 Secondary progressive 2 (7.1%)
Disease Durationc, years (mean ± SD), range 5.5 ± 4.4, (1–10)
Number of Comorbidities
 0 15 (53.6%)
 1 9 (32.1%)
 2 3 (10.7%)
 3 1 (3.6%)
EDSS score, (mean ± SD), range 4.2 ± 2.0 (1–8)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, GED General Education Diploma, MS multiple sclerosis, EDSS expanded disability status scale
  2. ªAge when MSQLI was administered
  3. bIncludes academic, occupational, technical, or vocational programs
  4. cYear of MS diagnosis to MSQLI administered date